29 25TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE Family violence is any form of abuse or neglect that a child or adult experiences from a family member, or from someone with whom they have an intimate relationship. It is an abuse of power by one person to hurt and control someone who trusts and depends on them. All family violence is wrong. Some of it is against the law. Many terms with similar meanings The different terms used for family violence can have slightly different meanings depending on where and how they are used, such as in a courtroom or a hospital. For example, domestic violencecan sometimes mean family violence and sometimes it means intimate partner violence. Intimate partner violence refers to physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse and can also be called dating violence between couples who are not married. The terms violence against women and genderbased violence are also used. Child abuse is sometimes called child maltreatment or neglect, and elder abuse is sometimes referred to as neglect. Family violence affects Canadians in all types of families and relationships-no matter how old they are, where they live, or how much money, education or type of job they have. It can affect people of every race, religion and sexual orientation. Violence can happen between anyone in a family or in a close intimate relationship (e.g., boyfriend, girlfriend or fiancée), including children, parents, grandparents, siblings, intimate partners and extended family—like uncles or stepparents. It can happen in opposite sex and same-sex couples. Examples of family violence: •child abuse, including neglect and childhood exposure to intimate partner violence • intimate partner violence, including dating violence •elder abuse and neglect •early and forced marriage, and "honour"-related violence • female genital mutilation Some common forms of family violence include: Physical abuse—physical injury or death of a family member or intimate partner caused when someone: •pushes, shoves, hits, slaps or kicks •pinches or punches •strangles or chokes •stabs or cuts •shoots •throws objects •burns •holds someone down for another person to assault • locks someone in a room or ties them down WHAT IS FAMILY VIOLENCE? Public Health Agency of Canada Agence de la santé publique du Canada