29th Annual Crime Prevention Guide P r i n c e E d w a r d I s l a n d P o l i c e A s s o c i a t i o n


29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 2 184 Belvedere Avenue Charlottetown, PE C1A 2Z1 902.892.4470 The Dentists of PEI Support all efforts to increase Mental Health Awareness DENTAL ASSOCIATION PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND ColinYounker Owner 670 University Avenue Charlottetown, PE C1E 1H6 (902) 566-1400 Fax: (902) 566-3868

3 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE TABLE OF CONTENTS 29th Annual Crime Prevention Guide Message from the Premier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Message from the PEIPA President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Executive Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 The PEI Police Association has Supported the Following Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Publisher’s Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Message from the Mayor of Charlottetown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Message from the Mayor of Summerside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Message from the Charlottetown Chief of Police . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Message from the Summerside Chief of Police . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 PEIPA made a $500 donation to the CMHA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Mental Health Awareness What are Mental Illnesses? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 What are the Risk Factors for Mental Illness? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Stigma and Discrimination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Transforming Mental Health for Children and Youth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Concurrent Mental Illness and Substance Use Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 First Responder, Trauma and PTSD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Preventing Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Suicide in Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 What You Can Do to Help a Depressed or Suicidal Person . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Fast Facts about Mental Illness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Mindfulness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Facts You Might Not Know About Sleep and Mental Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 5 Tips for a Better Sleep Tonight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 The Mental Health Benefits of Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Mental Health in the Workplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Create Your Own Workplace Wellness Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 Charlottetown police launching new program for elementary students . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 Where Can I Get Help? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 Mental Health Walk-in Clinics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 ADVERTISERS’ INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 4 Jeff Mellish Owner (902) 940-5140 Summerside (902) 724-3411 COD Deliveries Cash, Debit, Visa or Master Card Delivering mental health programs and services for Islanders. We’re here to help you and the communities you serve. Find more information and contacts at Thank You for your support PROUD SPONSORS of the PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND POLICE ASSOCIATION Prince Edward Island Union of Public Sector Employees Partners in the Community

5 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE MESSAGE FROM THE PEIPA PRESIDENT EXECUTIVE MEMBERS On behalf of the members of the Prince Edward Island Police Association, I would like to thank the citizens and business members in our Island communities for supporting our 29th Annual Crime Prevention Guideon Mental Health Awareness. We very much appreciate your financial contributions and your interest in our communitypublication. Statistics suggest that one in five Canadians will experience a mental illness in any given year, and that nearly half of all Canadians will have experienced a mental illness by the time they reach age 40. With such staggering prevalence, it’s time to talk about it and to ensure that resources are available to those in distress. It’s time to end the stigma, and treat mental health like we would our physical health. Sincerely, Cst Tim Keizer President Prince Edward Island Police Association Ron Kennedy Vice-President East Jason Blacquiere Vice-PresidentWest Allan Kelly Recording Secretary Ron MacLean Secretary Treasurer Dale Corish DirectorWest THE PEI POLICE ASSOCIATION HAS SUPPORTED THE FOLLOWING GROUPSWITH FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS IN 2018-2019: AAA Pownal Taco Boys Midget Hockey Autism Society Bluefield High School - Volleyball Tournament Charlottetown Atom AAA Abbies Charlottetown Rural Basketball Winter Classic Charlottetown Tigers Basketball Drew Power Memorial Golf Tournament Early Bird Tournament Eastern Eagles Soccer Eastern Express Mosquito AAA Baseball Girls of Summer Program Greenfield Home and School Association Hillsborough United Soccer Club Inner City Life Skills Kensington Police Bicycle Rodeo Lacrosse PEI North River Midget A Flames North River Sweetheart Tournament PEIFC – Under-15 Boys Provincial Under-15 Girls Basketball RCMP Veterans Association Sherwood Falcons Bantam Stratford Athletics Stratford Under-18 Men’s Soccer Summerisde Minor Hockey A Tournament Summerside Dolphin Swim Club Summerside Figure Skating Club Summerside Police Bicycle Rodeo Three Oaks Senior High School Band Three Oaks Senior High School Grad Committee Under-16 Edge Provincial Ringette Winsloe West Royalty Soccer

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 6 108 Greenwood Drive Summerside, PE C1N 4S6 (902) 888-3588 854-2011 or 888-7252 24-HOUR RN CARE REGULAR DOCTOR VISITS PRIVATE OR SEMI PRIVATE UNITS CLOSE TO ALL AMENITIES 114 BEDS, 74 NURSING, 40 COMMUNITY CARE PLANNED ACTIVITY SCHEDULE HOME COOKED MEALS Nursing License No. 4 Community Care License No. 26 (902) 659-2337 (902) 659-2865 BELFAST Canadian Tire Store # 20 20 Babineau Avenue Charlottetown, PE C1A 0G1 F 902.892.4128 Locally Owned and Operated Since 1939 1 Greens View Drive, Charlottetown, PE (902) 566-5542 Island EMS is committed to enhancing pre-hospital care in Prince Edward Island while breaking new ground in ambulance service delivery through commitment to quality and exceeding the needs of patients. Medical Emergencies Dial 911 Non-Emergency Patient Transport 1-877-660-6644 Ambulance Billing Inquiries 1-888-420-1122

7 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE Dr. Wm. Neil McLure Psy.D., C.Psych. Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology 292 Water Street, (Third Floor) Phone: (902) 432-3910 Summerside, Prince Edward Island Fax: (902) 432-3007 Canada C1N 1B8 E-mail: Your one-stop-shop public safety and law enforcement training destination. Over 22,000 training days were delivered at Slemon Park by the Atlantic Police Academy, RCMP and several other organizations in 2017. We’re proud to continue our support of the PEI Police Association. • “Service is our Business” Peter McKearney Allen McKearney Full Line of Hotel & Motel, Restaurant and Janitorial Supplies and Products Prince Edward Island Mutual Insurance Company 116 Walker Avenue, Summerside, Prince Edward Island C1N 6V9 Tel: (902) 436-2185 1-800-565-5441 Email: Website: Box 430, 39 Lowther Drive, Cornwall, PE C0A 1H0 P: (902) 566-2354 F: (902) 566-5228 • Email: Website: DANIEL R. ROSS INC. POTATOES, BEEF CATTLE BELFAST, RR # 3 PE C0A 1A0 BUS: (902) 659-2283 CANADA RES: (902) 659-2711 Lloyd Cudmore - P. ENG 4-G WALKER DRIVE BUS: (902) 892-8200 CHARLOTTETOWN, PE FAX: (902) 892-5155 C1A 8S6 EMAIL:

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 8 25 Brackley Point Rd.,Charlottetown, PE C1A 6Y1 (902) 892-2600 MacRae’s Backhoe &Trucking Specializing in septic systems, gravel, topsoil and landscaping. Backhoe, excavator, dozer & truck rentals. RR#2,Vernon Bridge, PE C0A 2E0 902.651.2489 or 902.393.0099 We pack for travel Wide Variety of Fresh Seafood Thomas M. Carver Ltd Lime, Fertilizer, Sand & Gravel Loader, Dozer, Float Rental Alliston, PE C0A 1R0 Phone 962-2989 1-902-962-2891 Fax 1-866-364-3555 Toll Free North River Fire Department Mailing Address: P.O. Box 269, Cornwall, PE C0A 1H0 Physical Address: 66 Trans Canada Hwy Tel: (902) 566-2550 Fax: (902) 628-6341 email: EWAN STETSON CONTRACTOR STETSON’S ELECTRIC LTD. RESIDENTIAL - INDUSTRIAL O’LEARY RR #3 UNIONVALE, P.E.I C0B 1V0 1261 O’LEARY ROAD RES: (902) 859-2669 CELLULAR: (902) 853-7214 (902) 888-2340 105 Walker Ave, Summerside, PE C1N 6G3 425 University Ave. Charlottetown, PE (902) 566-6708

9 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE MESSAGE FROM THE PUBLISHER On behalf of the Prince Edward Island Police Association, I would like to take this opportunity to sincerely thank each and every contributor to our Annual Telephone Appeal, allowing this unique publication to be distributed to schools, libraries and public facilities and also available online at, making it easily accessible to everyone. The Prince Edward Island Police Association publishes these Annual Crime Prevention Guides to educate the public on important community concerns. This 29th Annual Crime Prevention Guide targets the very serious problem of Mental Health Awareness, including Suicide Prevention, PTSD for first responders, alcohol and drug addiction and many other important mental health issues. This publication is made possible as a result of financial contributions from residents and business representatives throughout the Province. With their generous support for the activities of the Prince Edward Island Police Association, PEIPA is also able to give back to their communities through donations to various local charities and programs for youth. Your comments or suggestions regarding these publications are always welcome and we look forward to speaking with you each year during our Annual Telephone Appeal. Respectfully, Mark T. Fenety President Fenety Marketing Services “Providing quality, professional marketing and fundraising services on behalf of high-profile, non-profit organizations across Canada.” 1-800-561-4422 Ma r k e t i n g S e r v i c e s ( A t l . ) L t d

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 10 902854-3265 “No More Leaks Over Your Head” Proudly Serving Prince & Queens County for over 20 Years. 5 Year Replacement Guarantee Residential & Commercial Installations • 5” Seamless Aluminum Eavestrough • Leaf guards • No More Rust and Leaks • Variety of Colors to Choose From • No Spikes Showing (installed with brackets inside eavestrough) • Soffit & Fascia Installation Call Kevin Arsenault today Cell: 439-1548 Wellington, PEI

11 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE On behalf of the City of Charlottetown, I wish to congratulate the Prince Edward Island Police Association on this their 29th Annual Crime Prevention Guide. This year’s theme covers a topic that impacts all of our communities, Mental Health Awareness. Awareness is key to overall mental health, whether it is our own health or providing the information to build awareness to help others. We recognize the efforts put forth by police officers in our communities. The information made available through the publication of this guide, coupled with the community programs you are involved in and provide, all contribute to a broader sense of community safety, health and well-being. In closing it is my sincere hope that the information provided in this guide will be used to broaden the discussions on mental health. I wish to thank the members of the PEI Police Association for their efforts in producing this guide and wish them well in their future endeavours. Phillip Brown Mayor City of Charlottetown

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 12 East Prince Funeral Home 245 Pope Road Summerside, PE C1N 5T4 Phone: (902) 436-0915 Fax: (902) 888-3112 Email: GAVAN GILL INC. GAVAN GILL PRESIDENT 566-5924 44 BELMONT ST. CHARLOTTETOWN, PE C1A 5H1 BELMONT METAL WORKS 892 - 8469 BELMONT DISTRIBUTORS 566 - 1336

13 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE On behalf of the City of Summerside I would like to congratulate the PEI Police Association on the publication of their 29th Annual Crime Prevention Guide. This year’s theme “Mental Health Awareness” is an important topic for our citizens and our community as a whole. This guide is designed to inform the public on this important issue and provide information on the resources available on PEI. Mental health care is offered in hospitals and in community health facilities across the province. There are also help lines with free, 24-hour, bilingual, confidential, non-judgmental and supportive service and mental health walk-in clinics offered in all 3 counties to offer immediate support to help with anxiety, as well as life events causing stress and other mental health issues. The City of Summerside is proud to be a part of this publication and its efforts to inform our population about Mental Health Awareness and the importance of talking about mental health problems and the ways to achieve and maintain positive mental health. I extend congratulations to all police officers whose dedication and commitment help ensure the safety of our residents and visitors to our community every day. You contribute greatly to our exceptional quality of life on PEI and for that we thank you. Sincerely, Mayor Basil L. Stewart City of Summerside

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 14 Enjoy prime locations, comfort & convenience. Variety of apartment styles. 902-394-6100 King Truck Repair Phillip Lannigan (902) 894-4088 (902) 894-0533 - fax 404 Mount Edward Road Charlottetown PE C1E 2A1 Ron Lanigan HARDWOOD FLOORS 902.962.3417 RR#2, Montague, PE C0A 1R0 MacKinnon Bros. Service Centre 419 Mount Edward Road Charlottetown, PE Licensed Mechanics Inspection Alignment Brake Service (902) 892-7781 (902) 892-2771

15 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE MESSAGE FROM THE CHARLOTTETOWN CHIEF OF POLICE 2019 marks the twenty-ninth anniversary for the PEl Police Association. Part of the work of the Association involves the production an annual crime prevention/awareness guide. Each year the guide provides educational materials and information which helps raise awareness and provide discussion points on important issues facing our communities. This year the guide focuses on the issue of Mental Health Awareness. Mental health impacts all of us, from our emotional, psychological, and social wellbeing. It affects how we think, feel, and act. How we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood through adulthood. As an individual you may not experience mental illness first-hand, but it is likely you know someone who has or will. Statistically I in 5 Canadians will experience a mental illness at some point in their life, most will be cautious about talking to a co-worker, friend or family member about the issue, let alone seek treatment. For anyone facing mental illness, stigma is one of the biggest hurdles to overcome. The stigma associated to mental illness is the leading reason why a significant number of people do not seek help. The information provided in this guide; coupled with your willingness to talk about the issue with a friend, family member, or co-worker can help in addressing these issues. Programs such as "Healthy Me" and "Picture This" are ways in which our officers deliver positive messaging to youth. The production of these guides not only raise awareness on important issues, but also assist the Police Association in the efforts to fund and support very worthwhile projects within our Island communities. On behalf of the members and staff of the Charlottetown Police Services, I would like to congratulate the PEl Police Association for the production of this year's community guide, and wish the Association every success in the future. Yours truly, A. Paul Smith, O.O.M. Chief of Police

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 16 7406 Route 13, Cavendish, PE RR#1, Hunter River, PE C0A 1N0 Web: Office: 902-963-2352 1-800-665-2352 Email: HENNIE HOEKSTRA RECEIVERCOFFEE.COM (902) 367-3436 128 RICHMOND ST CHARLOTTETOWN, PE C1A 1H9 Vincent Adams DC Proud to Support our Local Police North Rustico Lions’ Club Proudly serving our community for over 40 years. Bowling, Catering and Bingo Lounge: Open to the Public WARREN‘S CARPENTRY INC 850 Read Drive Summerside, PE C1N 4J8 902.436.2236 100 Capital Dr. Charlottetown, PE C1E 1E7 (902) 370-4111

17 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE Congratulations once again to the PEI Police Association for continuing their good work in the community in producing their 29th Annual Crime Prevention Guide. The theme selected for this year’s guide is ‘Mental Health Awareness’ which is a huge topic currently. The term ‘mental illness’ refers to a wide range of disorders that affect mood, thinking and behaviour. Examples include depression, anxiety disorders and schizophrenia, as well as substance use disorders and problem gambling. Mental health is essential to everyone’s overall health and well-being, and mental illness is common and treatable but should be treated as soon as possible. People struggling with mental health may be in your own family, live next door, be a teacher of your children, work in the same environment, or perhaps you yourself are the one struggling with mental health. While there are many things you can do that may help you achieve overall wellness, such as finding a reason to laugh, going for a walk with a friend, meditating, playing with a pet, sometimes more professional support and treatment is necessary to set you on a path to recovery. Mental health is a state of well-being, and we all have it. We might have a mental illness, and we might not, but either way, there is a way that we can all feel well and can all have good mental health. It is about having a sense of purpose, strong relationships, feeling connected to our communities, knowing who we are, coping with stress and enjoying life. And it’s never too early or too late to get there. But it’s not just about what you do for yourself, and everyone needs healthy and supportive places to work, live and learn. Unfortunately, stats show that only half of those affected receive treatment because of the stigma attached to mental health. Stats indicate that 70% of mental health problems have their onset during childhood or adolescence and young people aged 15 to 24 are more likely to experience mental illness and/or substance use disorders than any other age group. Stigma can seem invisible but its effects are not. People with mental illness say that the stigma can be worse than the illness itself. Untreated, mental illness can contribute to higher medical expenses, poorer performance at school and work, harder to gain employment and as well, increased risk of suicide. In conclusion, let’s all #GetLoud about what mental health really is and get the conversation started. J. David Poirier Chief of Police Summerside Police Services MESSAGE FROM THE SUMMERSIDE CHIEF OF POLICE

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 18 MacDougall Steel Erectors, Inc. 168 Industrial Drive Borden-Carleton, PE C0B 1X0 Tel: 1-902-855-2100 Extension 223 Cell: 1-902-303-5109 Fax: 1-902-855-2104 Email: KING WOK RESTAURANT Specializing in Chinese Food (902) 436-6333 Fast Take-Out Service Excellent Canadian Food Eat In or Take Out 239 Water Street, Summerside WESTWOOD PRIMARY SCHOOL 80 Meadowbank Road P.O. Box 490, Cornwall, PE C0A 1H0 Tel: 902-368-6855 Fax: 902-368-6863 Lyle Diamond 626-5265 (902) 676-3007 81 Gluscap Drive Mount Stewart, PE C0A 1T0 Abegweit Mi’Kmaw Nation Wellness Centre Phone: 902-213-9409 Email: 155 Queen Street Charlottetown, PE C1A 4B4 (902) 367-6662 Follow us on

19 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE PEIPA SUPPORTS THE COMMUNITY PEIPA made a $500 donation to the CMHA - PEI Proceeds from our 29th Annual Crime Prevention Guide have allowed the Prince Edward Island Police Association to make a $500 donation to the Canadian Mental Health Association / Prince Edward Island Division to aid in their mission to facilitate access to the resources people require to maintain and improve mental health and community integration, build resilience, and support recovery from mental illness. CMHA/PEI is a non-profit mental health agency promoting the mental health of all Islanders. Comprised of over 100 volunteers and more than 40 support staff, they deliver programs and services that provide information, education and various supports designed to help all Islanders improve their mental wellness. Left to right: Reid Burke, Executive Director of CMHA/PEI, accepting a $500 donation from Cst.Tim Keizer, President of PEIPA. Prince Edward Island Division Box 785 - 178 Fitzroy Street, Charlottetown Canada Phone: (902) 566-3034 Fax: (902) 566-4643 Email:

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 20 159 John Yeo Dr., Charlottetown, PE C1E 3J3 P: (902) 566-1414 F: (902) 566-2027 63 Mills Cres., Summerside, PE C1N 2V5 (902) 436-6266 Follow us on 10 Federal Ave., Souris, PE C0A 2B0 (902) 687-4402 116 Dufferin St., Alberton, PE C0B 1B0 (902) 856-0081 Follow us on 000 902 436-3838

21 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE PEIPA SUPPORTS THE COMMUNITY Tracy MacKenzie Memorial 5KWalk/Run for Autism All proceeds from the Tracy MacKenzie Memorial 5 km Walk/Run For Autism on May 16/19 support Project Lifesaver PEI. Project Lifesaver is a non-profit organization dedicated to assisting and responding to the challenge to caregivers of finding wandering or bolting loved ones who may suffer from Autism,Alzheimer's Disease, Down’s Syndrome, Dementia or any other special needs requirements. Clients registered with Project Lifesaver wear a personalized bracelet. It is a one-ounce battery operated radio wrist transmitter that emits a unique automatic tracking signal every second, 24 hours a day. Project Lifesaver equips and trains search & rescue agencies in an active response system to help with the increasing problem of locating wandering patients before they fall victim to the elements, accidents or predators. It is the opinion of Project Lifesaver that radio frequency tracking equipment, in the hands of trained public safety personnel, represents the most reliable and effective technology available to locate wandering loved ones. Project Lifesaver saves lives and further serves the community by significantly reducing the need for extensive search and rescue operations that are often extremely costly in human and financial terms. Project Lifesaver has become the lead organization in Canada and the United States to effectively train, equip and deploy law enforcement and search & rescue agencies to rapidly locate people with Autism,Alzheimer's, Down’s Syndrome, Dementia and other special needs persons. As of June 2012, Project Lifesaver’s success rate of locating loved ones is 100%. Recovery times for Project Lifesaver clients average 30 minutes — 95% less time than standard operations. L-R: Tammy MacQuaid, President of Project Lifesaver PEI; Tim Keizer, PEIPA President; Ron Kennedy of Charlottetown Police Service; and mascot Tracker.

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 22 PO Box 205, Morell, PE C0A 1S0 902.961.3330 MURRAY RIVER 9440 Main St, Murray River, PE, C0A 1W0 (902) 962-2707 Island Pulp Producers RR#6 Cardigan PE C0A 1G0 (902) 838-4671 (902) 436-4877 34 Water Street, Summerside PE, C1N 4T8 Dr. Guy Boswall 591 North River Road Charlottetown, PE C1E 1J7 902-892-3200 Pineau’s Fuelsinc Furnace, Diesel & Stove Oil Fast Friendly Service • Automatic Delivery • Budget Plans Available Serving Rustico and Central Areas (902) 963-2443 Fax: (902) 963-2878 100% Locally Owned and Operated Rustico, PE

23 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE PEIPA SUPPORTS THE COMMUNITY The Prince Edward Island Police Association supported the following youth sports programs with financial contributions. PEIPA supported the 2018-19 North River Flames Midget B Team. Sandra Jay (Greenfield Elementary Principal) receiving a donation to the Greenfield Home and School Association from Sgt Ron MacLean(PEIPA). PEIPA supported the Bluefield Volleyball Team. PEIPA supported the Summerside Dolphin Swim Club.

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 24 NATIVE COUNCIL OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND Phone: (902) 892-5314 Fax: (902) 368-7464 Toll Free: 1-877-591-3003 6 F.J. McAulay Court Charlottetown, PE C1A 9M7 MacFadyen Farms Ltd RR#1 Borden Carleton, PE C0B 1X0 902.437.2322 CHARLOTTETOWN BOTTLE AND METALS LIMITED Dealers in copper, brass, radiators, batteries, steel, bottles, etc. BILL KINNEY Bus: (902) 566-9897 Cell: (902) 628-5631 Mailing Address: PO Box 1136, Cornwall PE C0A 1H0 DNS GRASSCUTTING & LANDSCAPING INC. 176 Great George Street, Suite 300 Charlottetown, PE C1A 4K9 T: 902.368.8122 F: 902.628.4660 E: W: DeltaWare Division D. Alex MacDonald Ltd Summerside, PE Canada’s Best Selling Truck for 52 years John Vautour (902) 314-5314 Proud to Support the PEI Police Association! Corrigan Home 22 Hemlock Court, Charlottetown, PE C1A 8E2 (902) 894-9686 “Care for Seniors”

25 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE PEIPA SUPPORTS THE COMMUNITY Summerside Police Service Bicycle Rodeo sponsored by the PEIPA and CUPE 1174. Jeff Clow(Three Oaks Senior High School Principal) receiving a financial donation in support of the 2019 Safe Grad from Sgt Ron MacLean(PEIPA). 2019 Safe Grad

Landmark Cafe 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 26 12Main Street Victoria by the Sea PE C0A 2G0 (902) 658-2286 AUTO BODY Phone # (902) 368-3827 PREFERRED INSURANCE REPAIR FACILITY “LIFETIME” GUARANTEE ON COLLISION REPAIRS Waugh’s Food Center 650 Water Street East, Summerside, PEI C1N 4J1 Proprietor: Blair Waugh Phone: 902-436-9511 110 Walker Ave, Summerside, PE C1N 6V9 1-844-492-7092 Summerside Toyota ORVISIT US ONFACEBOOK Phone (902) 436-7710 • 475 Granville Street North Summerside, PE C1N 4P7 902.432.8064 Chinese & Canadian Food At Its Very Best Saturday Buffet 4:30 - 8:00 • Fully Licensed • Air Conditioned • Banquet Room • Eat In or Take Out • Buffet For 20 or More 836-5055 31 Broadway Street, Save Easy Mall, Kensington

27 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE PEIPA SUPPORTS THE COMMUNITY The Prince Edward Island Police Association sponsored the 2019 PEIPA HockeyTournament. PeeWee “A” Champions Atom “A” Champions Bantam “A” Champions Midget “A” Champions Congratulations to the winning teams! PeeWee “A” Champions

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 28 GENTEKTM T&K Home Improvements Blueshank Road, Summerside Prince Edward Island C1N 4J9 Terry Peters Tel: (902) 436-5485 Fax: (902) 436-2429 • Summerside • Alberton • Montague • Morell DR. WILLIAM JUDSON Dental Surgeon 110 Kensington Road Charlottetown, PE C1A 5J5 620-7222 419 Main Street, Alberton, PE C0B 1B0 902.853.2811 fax. 902.853.3444 Royal Canadian Legion Branch #5 340 Notre Dame Street Summerside, PE C1N 1S5 491 Main Street, Alberton 902-231-HAIR (4247) 85 Belvedere Avenue, Charlottetown, PE C1A 6B2 PEI PROFESSIONAL BOOKKEEPING SERVICES INC. 450 Main Street, PO Box 422 Alberton, PE C0B 1B0 Phone: (902) 231-3055 Fax: (902) 726-3457 Nancy Pitre Business Owner

29 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE PEIPA SUPPORTS THE COMMUNITY Parker Roche drives to the basket during a Raiders vs Knights basketball tournament play game. Opening tip-off at a Raiders vs Oxford game in the Confederation City Classic Basketball Tournament. PEIPA sponsored the 2018Winsloe Charlottetown Royal FCTournament.

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 30 800 Aerospace Blvd., Hangar 8, Slemon Park, PE C0B 2A0 P: 1.902.436.1333 F: 1.902.436.0070 Offering fresh Island meat, produce and products daily. 591 Read Drive, Summerside, PEI 902-724-2724 Find us on Facebook: Farmed - Market & Craft Butchery J.E.B. Footwear (in association with Dr. K Bettles-Podiatrist) 554 North River Road Charlottetown, PEI (902) 892-7043 Happy Feet help make a happy you proudly supporting the PEI Police Association Committing to the province of Prince Edward Island 161 St. Peters Road, Charlottetown, PE C1A 5P6 Ph: (902)-566-4212 Fax: (902)-566-2516 Contact us with any of your building automation and service needs 365 Mount Edward Road Charlottetown, PE C1E 2A1 (902) 367-3559 COMPLETE NEW HOME CONSTRUCTION CONCRETE WORK& FOUNDATIONS RENOVATIONS - ADDITIONS FOR ALL YOUR CONSTRUCTION NEEDS RESIDENTIAL & COMMERCIAL FREE ESTIMATES P.O. BOX24023, STRATFORD, PE C1B 2V5 ROBERT McNALLY CELL: (902) 626-7614 FAX: (902) 367-9440 O’Leary 351 Main Street Box 274, O’Leary, PE C0B 1V0 Ph: 902-859-2768 Fax: 902-859-1311 Tyne Valley 7027 Barlow Road Tyne Valley Ph: 902-831-2500 Authorized dealer for: Shaw Direct and Xplornet Satellite Internet Installations, Parts & Accessories Covering PEI 1 (902) 394-2774

31 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE What are Mental Illnesses? continued Mental illnesses are health problems that affect the way we think about ourselves, relate to others, and interact with the world around us.They affect our thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. Mental illnesses can disrupt a person’s life or create challenges, but with the right supports, a person can get back on a path to recovery and wellness. It’s important to understand that there are many different types of mental illness that affect people in different ways. Within each mental illness, people may have very different symptoms and challenges. However, symptoms are just one piece. Access to services, support from loved ones, and the ability to participate in communities play a big part in the way people experience mental illnesses. Culture, background, and personal beliefs also shape the way people understand mental illnesses. Some people don’t see the name of a diagnosis as an important part of their journey, while others prefer the medical terms to describe the illness. No matter how people talk about their experiences, they will likely need to use medical terms if they seek help in the health system. This is just how the system works right now - but it isn’t the only way to talk about wellness. Different mental illnesses Health professionals divide mental illnesses into several different groups based on signs or symptoms. Common groups of mental illnesses include: Anxiety disorders Anxiety disorders are all related to anxiety. They may include excessive and uncontrollable worry, strong fears around everyday things or situations, unwanted thoughts, panic attacks, or fears around a past scary situation.Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illnesses, and they can create barriers in people’s lives. The different types of anxiety disorder include: • Phobias: A phobia is an intense fear around a specific thing like an object, animal, or situation. • Panic disorder: Panic disorder involves repeated and unexpected panic attacks.A panic attack is a feeling of sudden and intense fear that lasts for a short period of time. It causes a lot of physical feelings like a racing heart, shortness of breath, or nausea. Panic attacks can be a normal reaction to a stressful situation, or a part of other anxiety disorders.With panic disorder, panic attacks seem to happen for no reason. People who experience panic disorder fear more panic attacks and may worry that something bad will happen as a result of the panic attack. Some people change their routine to avoid triggering more panic attacks • Agoraphobia: Agoraphobia is fear of being in a situation where a person can’t escape or find help if they experience a panic attack or other feelings of anxiety. A person with agoraphobia may avoid public places or even avoid leaving their homes. • Social anxiety disorder: Social anxiety disorder involves intense fear of being embarrassed or evaluated negatively by others. As a result, people avoid social situations. • Generalized anxiety disorder: Generalized anxiety disorder is excessive worry around a number of everyday problems for more than six months. This anxiety is often far greater than expected - for example, intense anxiety over a minor concern. Many people experience physical symptoms too, including muscle tension and sleep problems. Mood disorders Mood disorders all affect a person’s mood - the way they feel. This can affect every part of a person’s life. When someone experiences a mood disorder, they may feel sad, hopeless, tired, or numb for long periods of time.At times, some people experience an unusually ‘high’ mood and feel powerful and energetic, but this can also create problems. Depression and bipolar disorder are examples of mood disorders. Eating disorders Eating disorders really aren’t about food. They are complicated illnesses that are often a way to cope with difficult problems or regain a sense of control. Eating disorders may include seriously restricting how much food a person eats, bingeing, or purging food. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are examples of eating disorders.

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 32 West Prince Bookkeeping Certified Simply Accounting Consultants Personal and Corporate Tax Returns Pleased to support the PEIPA Elmsdale, PE 902-853-3470 West Prince Industry Center Community of Miscouche Council Keith Ford MOBILE SERVICE Bus: (902) 629-9950 Fax: (902) 626-3706 Specialists in Repair & Re-dyeing of Leather, Plastic, Vinyl & Fabric Fibrenew PEI 1998 Ltd (902) 569-3432 (902) 569-3432 56 St. Peters Rd, Charlottetown, PE C1A 5N5 Call the Island Helpline at 1-800-218-2885 if you are in a crisis, feeling depressed or thinking about suicide. Call 9-1-1 in an emergency NEED HELP?

33 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE What are Mental Illnesses? continued Psychotic disorders Psychosis is a health problem that affects how people understand what is real and what isn’t real. People may sense things that aren’t real or strongly believe things that can’t be real. Schizophreniais one example of a psychotic disorder. Personality disorders Personality disorders are patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviours that may last for a long time and create challenges in a person’s life. People who experience personality disorders may have difficulties developing healthy and satisfying relationships with others, managing their emotions well, avoiding harmful behaviour, and working toward important life goals. Personality disorders can affect the way people understand and view themselves and others and cope with problems. Borderline personality disorder is one example of a personality disorder. Childhood disorders This is a large group of mental illnesses that start to affect people when they are young, though some people are not diagnosed until they’re older. One example of a disorder in this group is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (or ADHD), which affects a person’s ability to focus, complete tasks, plan or organize, sit still, or think through actions. Dementia ‘Dementia’ refers to a group of symptoms. It can be caused by a disease that mainly affects nerve cells in the brain or can be associated with many other medical conditions. Dementia impacts a person’s memory, language abilities, concentration, organization skills, mood, and behaviours. Alzheimer’s disease is one type of dementia. Other mental illnesses Some mental illnesses are no longer classified as anxiety disorders, though anxiety or fear is a major part of the illnesses. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Obsessive-compulsive disorder is made up of unwanted thoughts, images, or urges that cause anxiety (obsessions) or repeated actions meant to reduce that anxiety (compulsions). Obsessions or compulsions usually take a lot of time and cause a lot of distress. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Post-traumatic stress disorder can occur after a very scary or traumatic event, such as abuse, an accident, or a natural disaster. Symptoms of PTSD include reliving the event through nightmares or flashbacks, avoiding reminders of the traumatic event, and feeling unsafe in the world, even when a person isn’t in danger. A note on suicide Suicide, when someone ends their life on purpose, is not a mental illness in itself. Not all people who die by suicide experience a mental illness. However, suicide may be linked to many different mental illnesses. It’s important to take any talk or thoughts of suicide seriously and seek help. What are the risk factors for mental illness? Many factors cause mental illness. Contributing factors include: • genetics, which are influenced by your family history • early life experiences, such as: • abuse • trauma • stressful life events, such as: • financial problems • a loved one's death • divorce • environmental influences on a fetus, such as exposure to drugs or alcohol • your social, economic and educational status What are the symptoms of mental illness? Mental illness involves changes in thinking, mood or behaviour, or a combination of these issues. Symptoms include: • significant distress • inability to function as needed over an extended period of time These symptoms can be mild or severe, depending on the: • type of mental illness • individual • family • patient's environment What are the physical health effects of mental illness? Mental health is as important as physical health, and they both directly affect the other. People with physical health problems often experience anxiety or depression, which affects their recovery. Similarly, mental health factors can increase the risk of developing physical problems, such as: • diabetes • heart disease • weight gain or loss continued

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 34 What can I do about mental illness? Experiencing a mental illness can be very distressing. You may wonder if you’ll feel like yourself again. You may not know what’s happening to you, and you may worry about other people’s reactions. It’s important to know that it’s not your fault and it’s not a sign of weakness. It’s important to seek help early. Finding help early will get you on the road to recovery faster and may even reduce the risk of problems in the future. Treatment often includes a few different approaches - for example, counselling, medication and self-care. Support groups can connect people with shared experiences.And there are many self-help strategies to try. Some people may also find extra supports like income and housing. Each person has their own preferences and goals, and recovery plans should reflect that. Contact your local CMHA branch to find help and support in your community. Treatment Counselling An effective form of counselling for anxiety is cognitive-behavioural therapy (or ‘CBT’). CBT teaches you how your thoughts, feelings, and behaviours work together. A goal of CBT is to identify and change the unhelpful patterns of thinking that feed anxious thoughts. CBT can help you identify problem behaviours and replace them with helpful strategies. It’s often the first treatment to try for mild or moderate problems with anxiety. Medication Some people also find antianxiety or antidepressant medication helpful. Medication can help with the physical feelings of anxiety. It may also make anxious thoughts less frequent or intense, so it can be easier to learn helpful coping strategies. Some people take medication until their anxiety is controlled enough to try therapies like CBT. Support groups Support groups - in person or online - may be a good place to share your experiences, learn from others, and connect with people who understand. Self-help strategies Many different skills can help people manage anxiety, such as stress management, problem-solving, and relaxation. Mindfulness - developing awareness of the present moment without judgement - may also help. Practices that support wellness, such as eating well, exercising, having fun, and connecting with others, are also important. How can I help a loved one? When someone you love experiences a mental illness, you may have conflicting feelings. You may feel worried about their future, and feel relieved that the problem has a name. You may even wonder if you’ve done anything to cause their illness.These feelings - and many more - are normal. You can be an important person in your loved one’s recovery.Ask what you can do to help. Emotional support is important, but don’t forget about practical help with daily tasks, if needed. Remember to take care of yourself and find support, too. Contact your local CMHA branch to find resources in your community. How can I make a difference in my community? Mental illness affects everyone. People who experience a mental illness may face challenges in their communities. Capable workers may not find good employment. Housing may come with restrictions or may be limited by inadequate income. Many challenges around living with a mental illness have to do with unfair attitudes and discrimination.You can make a difference by advocating for people who experience mental illnesses. Let leaders and policy-makers know that your community includes everyone, and support organizations that work to give everyone a voice. What are Mental Illnesses? continued

35 29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE Call the Island Helpline at 1-800-218-2885 if you are in a crisis, feeling depressed or thinking about suicide. Call 9-1-1 in an emergency NEED HELP? The lives of people with mental health conditions are often plagued by stigma as well as discrimination. Stigma is a negative stereotype. Stigma is a reality for many people with a mental illness, and they report that how others judge them is one of their greatest barriers to a complete and satisfying life. Stigma differs from discrimination. Discrimination is unfair treatment due to a person’s identity, which includes race, ancestry, place of origin, colour, ethnic origin, citizenship, creed, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, age, marital status, family status or disability, including mental disorder. Acts of discrimination can be overt or take the form of systemic (covert) discrimination. Stigma is the negative stereotype and discrimination is the behaviour that results from this negative stereotype. Often, individuals with a mental illness are faced with multiple, intersecting layers of discrimination as a result of their mental illness and their identity. For example, a woman with a mental illness may experience discrimination due to sexism as well as her illness, and a racialized individual may experience discrimination due to racism in addition to their mental illness. In addition, living with discrimination can have a negative impact on mental health. Media influence on public attitudes Many studies have found that media and the entertainment industry play a key role in shaping public opinions about mental health and illness. People with mental health conditions are often depicted as dangerous, violent and unpredictable. News stories that sensationalize violent acts by a person with a mental health condition are typically featured as headline news; while there are fewer articles that feature stories of recovery or positive news concerning similar individuals. Entertainment frequently features negative images and stereotypes about mental health conditions, and these portrayals have been strongly linked to the development of fears and misunderstanding. Impact of negative public attitudes There are significant consequences to the public misperceptions and fears. Stereotypes about mental health conditions have been used to justify bullying. Some individuals have been denied adequate housing, health insurance and jobs due to their history of mental illness. Due to the stigma associated with the illness, many people have found that they lose their self-esteem and have difficulty making friends. Sometimes, the stigma attached to mental health conditions is so pervasive that people who suspect that they might have a mental health condition are unwilling to seek help for fear of what others may think. Experiences of stigma and discrimination is one of their greatest barriers to a satisfying life. What you can do to stop stigma and discrimination Use the STOP criteria to recognize attitudes and actions that support the stigma of mental health conditions. It’s easy, just ask yourself if what you hear: • Stereotypes people with mental health conditions (that is, assumes they are all alike rather than individuals)? • Trivializes or belittles people with mental health conditions and/or the condition itself? • Offends people with mental health conditions by insulting them? • Patronizes people with mental health conditions by treating them as if they were not as good as other people? If you see something in the media which does not pass the STOP criteria, speak up! Call or write to the writer or publisher of the newspaper, magazine or book; the radio, TV or movie producer; or the advertiser who used words which add to the misunderstanding of mental illness. Help them realize how their words affect people with mental health conditions. Start with yourself. Be thoughtful about your own choice of words. Use accurate and sensitive words when talking about people with mental health conditions. Stigma and Discrimination

29TH ANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE 36 Transforming Mental Health for Children andYouth The early years are especially important for mental health because most mental illnesses begin in childhood and adolescence. If you think of mental illness as mostly an adult concern, the numbers tell a different story:An estimated one in five young people has a mental illness, including substance use problems. Half of all cases of mental illness begin by age 14, and three-quarters by age 24.The opportunity to prevent mental illness or lessen its impacts over a person’s lifetime makes the early years particularly important for mental health. Challenges and bright spots “The major challenge we see is the increasing prevalence of depression and anxiety among youth,” says Dr. Hayley Hamilton, Senior Scientist in CAMH’s Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, citing a notable rise in the latest CAMH (The Centre for Addition and Mental Health) student survey results. CAMH’s 2017 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey found that 39 per cent of students met criteria for moderate to serious psychological distress, which reflects symptoms of depression or anxiety, up from 24 per cent of students in 2013. “That’s a tremendous increase,” says Dr. Hamilton. And this increase is hitting girls hardest. For the first time, more than half of female students (51 per cent) showed signs of moderate to serious psychological distress. The rate among males was 27 per cent. “We need to understand what is driving those gender differences to develop prevention and intervention strategies,” says Dr. Hamilton. To bolster mental health in young people, CAMH researchers are using innovative approaches to identify and treat illnesses earlier. For example, the Depression Early Warning study is using mobile and wearable technology to monitor youth depression, with the goal of optimizing early intervention. CAMH researchers and their partners are also creating and evaluating a mobile app to deliver a better treatment experience for youth with depression or anxiety. In other positive shifts, “young people are more open to talking about mental health” than just five to 10 years ago, says CAMH’s Emma McCann. She hears directly from many young people in her role as Youth Engagement Facilitator in CAMH’s Margaret andWallace McCain Centre for Child, Youth & Family Mental Health. “There's not enough teaching about ‘what now’ – how young people can support themselves and each other,” says McCann.They need more information about seeking mental health care, and what to expect, including privacy concerns, and when parents need to be informed. “I hear that from young people a lot – they don't want to tell someone they're having mental health problems because they don't know what happens next,” she says. Turning health care on its head A big push – and one that’s already reaching young people and their families – is making mental health services for young people quick and easy to access, and truly centred on their needs.“This is a major health care system change. This means working differently and thinking differently,” says Dr. Joanna Henderson, Director of CAMH’s McCain Centre. She’s buoyed that she’s seeing commitments to such change at all levels. At the heart of this approach is partnering with young people and families in research to better understand their needs, then co-creating and evaluating approaches based on these findings. “In the last five years, we've been engaging with youth, families and service providers to design a new system of services for young people,” says Dr. Henderson. Looking for opportunities inside the brain Another promising research direction, but with longer-term impacts, is understanding the developing brain and creating biologically informed treatments and prevention strategies. “There’s still so much to know,” says Dr. Stephanie Ameis, Clinician Scientist in the Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute and the McCain Centre at CAMH. “For example, for people with autism spectrum disorder, there are few treatments for the core symptoms, and no biologically informed treatments at all, so we need to understand the brain to understand these disorders and develop new treatment opportunities.” “The science has told us we have to conduct our research in different ways to find better targets for treatment or prevention,” says Dr.Ameis. NEED HELP? Call the Island Helpline at 1-800-218-2885 if you are in a crisis, feeling depressed or thinking about suicide. Call 9-1-1 in an emergency